What is a cognitive bias?

Cognitive biases are psychological tendencies that cause the brain to make incorrect conclusions.

thinking, psychology

Such biases are thought to be cognitive shortcuts that include errors in statistical judgement, social attribution and memory. These biases are a common effect of human thought, and often greatly distort the reliability of anecdotal and legal evidence.

Occasionally I will post a bias with a brief definition and explanation.
 
For a list of cognitive biases, click here.
 
Image credit: Jacob Bøtter

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